community organizationcommunity organization

The concept of community organization was created in the United States to include numerous groups and institutions in meeting the basic requirements of the community. Community organization is a means of directing resources toward community needs. It promotes communal cohesiveness and encourages people to cooperate with one another. It is a democratic technique based on the equality of all men and women, as well as the dignity it bestows on individuals.

It works in the community to improve people’s living standards through its own resources and actions. They inspire others and instill the concept of community advancement and advancement.

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What is Community Organization?

A community organization is one that works to improve the social health, well-being, and general functioning of a community. Geographically, psychosocially, culturally, spiritually, and digitally bounded communities organize themselves.


Community work, community projects, community development, community empowerment, community building, and community mobilization are all examples of community organization. It is a popular paradigm for organizing community inside community initiatives, neighborhoods, organizations, voluntary groups, locales, and social networks, and it can be used to mobilize people based on location, shared space, shared experience, interest, need, and/or concern.

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What is a Community-Based Organization? 

The following definition of a Community-Based Organization was developed during the 2002 and 2003 planning meetings and was endorsed by NCBON members in 2004. APHA yearly Conference in Washington, DC.
A community-based organization is one that is led by people of the local community in every aspect of its operations. That is to say:

  • Local citizens make up the majority of the governing body and employees.
  • The primary functioning offices are located in the village.
  • Residents identify and specify priority issue areas.
  • Residents collaborate to propose solutions to priority issues. Residents are involved in leadership positions during program design, implementation, and evaluation.

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Principles Of Community Organization

Principle of Specific Objectives

This principle emphasizes the importance of clearly defining specific goals and objectives for community organizing efforts. Having specific objectives helps guide the planning and implementation of initiatives and ensures that the community’s needs and priorities are addressed effectively.

Principles of Planning

Planning is crucial in community organization. It involves systematically outlining the steps, resources, and timelines needed to achieve the established objectives. A well-structured plan enhances the efficiency and effectiveness of community initiatives.

Principles of People’s Participation

This principle underscores the significance of involving community members actively in decision-making and action. By engaging the people who are directly affected by the issues at hand, community organization becomes more democratic and sustainable.

Principles of Inter-Group Approach

Community organization often involves various groups within a community. This principle encourages collaboration and coordination among these groups to work together towards common goals, fostering unity and strength.

Principle of Democratic Functioning

A democratic approach ensures that decision-making processes are transparent and inclusive. It allows all community members to have a voice in shaping their collective future.

Principles of Flexible Organization

Flexibility is key in community organization because communities and their needs can evolve over time. Being adaptable to changing circumstances allows organizers to better address emerging issues and opportunities.

Principle of Optimum Utilization of Indigenous Resources

This principle promotes the use of local resources and talents within the community. It recognizes that communities often have valuable assets and knowledge that can be harnessed to address their own challenges.

Principles of Cultural Orientation

Understanding and respecting the cultural norms, values, and traditions of a community is essential for effective community organization. A culturally sensitive approach ensures that initiatives align with the community’s identity and heritage.

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Examples Of Community Organizations

Amateur Sports Clubs

These organizations bring together individuals who share an interest in a particular sport or physical activity. They provide opportunities for community members to engage in sports, maintain a healthy lifestyle, and often organize events or competitions for both youth and adults. Examples include local soccer clubs, baseball leagues, or tennis associations.

School Groups

Within schools, various student clubs and organizations promote extracurricular activities and community engagement. Examples include student councils, debate clubs, environmental clubs, and service organizations. These groups offer students opportunities to develop leadership skills and contribute to their school communities.

Church Groups

Many religious institutions have community groups or committees that focus on various aspects of community involvement and support. These groups might organize charitable activities, religious education programs, social events, or outreach initiatives to address local needs.

Youth Groups

Youth organizations aim to engage and empower young people while providing a safe and structured environment for personal development. Examples include Boy Scouts, Girl Scouts, 4-H clubs, and youth mentoring programs. These groups often focus on leadership, character development, and community service.

Community Support Groups

These organizations address specific needs or challenges within a community. Examples include support groups for individuals dealing with addiction, mental health issues, or chronic illnesses. They provide a network of support, resources, and information to help community members cope with their situations.

Each of these community organizations plays a unique role in fostering a sense of belonging, promoting social interaction, and addressing various needs within the community. They rely on principles such as specific objectives, planning, people’s participation, and cultural orientation to effectively serve their respective communities.

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